27 January 2010

Impunity for war crimes in Gaza and southern Israel a recipe for further civilian suffering

Impunity for war crimes in Gaza and southern Israel a recipe for further civilian suffering

Gaza report video
© Amnesty International
A woman and a child made homeless after the destruction of their home, Gaza, January 2009
A woman and a child made homeless after the destruction of their home, Gaza, January 2009
© Amnesty International

Waiting for food aid after the end of Operation 'Cast Lead', Gaza, 20 January 2009
Waiting for food aid after the end of Operation 'Cast Lead', Gaza, 20 January 2009
© Amnesty International

The Salha family home in the Beit Lahia Housing Project, Gaza, bombed 9 January 2009. Randa Salha and four of her children died
Bodies of members of the al-Sammouni family are retrieved weeks after their house in Gaza City was bombed, 5 January 2009
The Abu ‘Aisha family home in Gaza City, bombed, 5 January 2009. ‘Amer Abu ‘Aisha, wife Naheel and three of four children died
Paramedics with destroyed medical equipment and fragments of US-made missiles which killed three colleagues in Gaza City
Salah al-Sammouni and nephew recount the shelling of the family's Gaza City home, 5 January 2009, killing 31 family members
Yousef Abu ‘Ida salvages possessions from his ruined home east of Jabalia. He and family were held as 'human shields'
Fathiya Mousa in the yard of her Gaza City home where her parents, sister and three brothers were killed by a missile
Israeli artillery and mortar shells in Gaza, 26 January 2009
Vandalized vehicles at a cement factory in the al-Zaytoun district in Gaza City
The American International School in Gaza, January 2009, after the Israeli military operation 'Cast Lead'
Al-Quds hospital, in the centre of Gaza City, was struck on 15 January 2009 by white phosphorus lumps, artillery and tank shells
Palestinian rockets launched from Gaza collected at the Ashkelon police station; the larger rocket on top is a Grad-type rocket
Khaled Yousif Abu Sa'ada, the driver of an ambulance hit by a missile from an Israeli tank while picking up wounded in Gaza

2 July 2009
Israeli forces killed hundreds of unarmed Palestinian civilians and destroyed thousands of homes in Gaza in attacks which breached the laws of war, Amnesty International concluded in a new report published on Thursday. Operation 'Cast Lead': 22 days of death and destruction, is the first comprehensive report to be published on the conflict, which took place earlier this year.

"Israel's failure to properly investigate its forces' conduct in Gaza, including war crimes, and its continuing refusal to cooperate with the UN international independent fact-finding mission headed by Richard Goldstone, is evidence of its intention to avoid public scrutiny and accountability," said Donatella Rovera, who headed a field research mission to Gaza and southern Israel during and after the conflict.

"The international community, led by the UN Security Council, must use all its leverage to ensure that Israel cooperates fully with the Goldstone inquiry, which now offers the best means to establish the truth."

The Amnesty International report documents Israel's use of battlefield weapons against a civilian population trapped in Gaza, with no means of escape and is based on evidence gathered by Amnesty International delegates, including a military expert, during field research in January and February.

The report shows that Hamas and other Palestinian armed groups fired hundreds of rockets into southern Israel, killing three Israeli civilians, injuring scores and driving thousands from their homes. "Such unlawful attacks constitute war crimes and are unacceptable," added Donatella Rovera.

The scale and intensity of the attacks on Gaza were unprecedented. Some 300 children and hundreds of other unarmed civilians who took no part in the conflict were among the 1,400 Palestinians killed by Israeli forces.

Most were killed with high-precision weapons, relying on surveillance drones which have exceptionally good optics, allowing those observing to see their targets in detail. Others were killed with imprecise weapons, including artillery shells carrying white phosphorus – not previously used in Gaza - which should never be used in densely populated areas.

Amnesty International found that the victims of the attacks it investigated were not caught in the crossfire during battles between Palestinian militants and Israeli forces, nor were they shielding militants or other military objects. Many were killed when their homes were bombed while they slept. Others were sitting in their yard or hanging the laundry on the roof. Children were struck while playing in their bedrooms or on the roof, or near their homes. Paramedics and ambulances were repeatedly attacked while attempting to rescue the wounded or recover the dead.

"The deaths of so many children and other civilians cannot be dismissed simply as 'collateral damage', as argued by Israel," said Donatella Rovera. "Many questions remain to be answered about these attacks and about the fact that the strikes continued unabated despite the rising civilian death toll."

More than 3,000 homes were destroyed and some 20,000 damaged in Israeli attacks which reduced entire neighbourhoods of Gaza to rubble and left an already dire economic situation in ruins. Much of the destruction was wanton and could not be justified on grounds of "military necessity".

The Israeli army has not responded to Amnesty International's repeated requests over the past five months for information on specific cases detailed in the report and for meetings to discuss the organization’s findings.

"For its part, Hamas has continued to justify the rocket attacks launched daily by its fighters and by other Palestinian armed groups into towns and villages in southern Israel during the 22-day conflict. Though less lethal, these attacks, using unguided rockets which cannot be directed at specific targets, violated  international humanitarian law and cannot be justified under any circumstance," said Donatella Rovera.

In addition to locally made Qassam rockets, Palestinian militants often fired longer-range Grad-type rockets smuggled into Gaza via the tunnels on the Egyptian border, which reached deeper into Israel and placed many more Israeli civilians at risk.

"Five months on, neither side has shown any inclination to change its practices and abide by international humanitarian law, raising the prospect that civilians will again bear the brunt if fighting resumes," said Donatella Rovera.

Under international law, states have a responsibility to exercise universal jurisdiction and start criminal investigations in national courts, wherever there is sufficient evidence of war crimes or other crimes under international law, to arrest and bring to justice alleged perpetrators.

"Those responsible for war crimes and other serious violations must not be allowed to escape accountability and justice," said Donatella Rovera.

Among other recommendations, the report calls on states to suspend all transfers of military equipment, assistance and munitions to Israel, Hamas and other Palestinian armed groups until there is no longer a substantial risk that such equipment will be used to commit serious violations of international law.

It calls on Israel to commit not to carry out direct, indiscriminate or disproportionate attacks on civilians; or use artillery, mortars and white phosphorus weapons in densely populated areas; and to end its blockade on the Gaza Strip, which is collectively punishing the entire population.

The report urges Hamas to renounce its policy of unlawful rocket attacks against civilian population centres in Israel and to prevent other armed groups from carrying out such attacks.

http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/report/impunity-war-crimes-gaza-southern-israel-recipe-further-civilian-suffering-20090702

=============================================================================

Impunitas atas kejahatan perang di Gaza dan Israel selatan resep sipil lebih lanjut penderitaan

Gaza report video Laporan Gaza video
© Amnesty International © Amnesty International
A woman and a child made homeless after the destruction of their home, Gaza, January 2009
A woman and a child made homeless after the destruction of their home, Gaza, January 2009 Seorang wanita dan seorang anak kehilangan tempat tinggal setelah penghancuran rumah mereka, Gaza, January 2009
© Amnesty International © Amnesty International

Waiting for food aid after the end of Operation 'Cast Lead', Gaza, 20 January 2009
Waiting for food aid after the end of Operation 'Cast Lead', Gaza, 20 January 2009 Menunggu bantuan makanan setelah berakhirnya Operasi 'Pemain Lead', Gaza, 20 Januari 2009
© Amnesty International © Amnesty International

The Salha family home in the Beit Lahia Housing Project, Gaza, bombed 9 January 2009. Randa Salha and four of her children died
Bodies of members of the al-Sammouni family are retrieved weeks after their house in Gaza City was bombed, 5 January 2009
The Abu ‘Aisha family home in Gaza City, bombed, 5 January 2009. ‘Amer Abu ‘Aisha, wife Naheel and three of four children died
Paramedics with destroyed medical equipment and fragments of US-made missiles which killed three colleagues in Gaza City
Salah al-Sammouni and nephew recount the shelling of the family's Gaza City home, 5 January 2009, killing 31 family members
Yousef Abu ‘Ida salvages possessions from his ruined home east of Jabalia. He and family were held as 'human shields'
Fathiya Mousa in the yard of her Gaza City home where her parents, sister and three brothers were killed by a missile
Israeli artillery and mortar shells in Gaza, 26 January 2009
Vandalized vehicles at a cement factory in the al-Zaytoun district in Gaza City
The American International School in Gaza, January 2009, after the Israeli military operation 'Cast Lead'
Al-Quds hospital, in the centre of Gaza City, was struck on 15 January 2009 by white phosphorus lumps, artillery and tank shells
Palestinian rockets launched from Gaza collected at the Ashkelon police station; the larger rocket on top is a Grad-type rocket
Khaled Yousif Abu Sa'ada, the driver of an ambulance hit by a missile from an Israeli tank while picking up wounded in Gaza

2 July 2009 2 Juli 2009
Israeli forces killed hundreds of unarmed Palestinian civilians and destroyed thousands of homes in Gaza in attacks which breached the laws of war, Amnesty International concluded in a new report published on Thursday. Operation 'Cast Lead': 22 days of death and destruction , is the first comprehensive report to be published on the conflict, which took place earlier this year. Pasukan Israel menewaskan ratusan warga sipil Palestina tak bersenjata dan menghancurkan ribuan rumah di Gaza dalam serangan yang melanggar hukum perang, Amnesty International menyimpulkan dalam sebuah laporan baru yang diterbitkan pada hari Kamis. Operasi 'Pemain Lead': 22 hari kematian dan kehancuran, adalah laporan komprehensif pertama akan diterbitkan pada konflik, yang berlangsung awal tahun ini.

"Israel's failure to properly investigate its forces' conduct in Gaza, including war crimes, and its continuing refusal to cooperate with the UN international independent fact-finding mission headed by Richard Goldstone, is evidence of its intention to avoid public scrutiny and accountability," said Donatella Rovera, who headed a field research mission to Gaza and southern Israel during and after the conflict. "Kegagalan Israel untuk menyelidiki benar pasukan 'perilaku di Gaza, termasuk kejahatan perang, dan penolakan untuk terus bekerja sama dengan PBB independen internasional misi pencari fakta yang dipimpin oleh Richard Goldstone, merupakan bukti dari niatnya untuk menghindari dan akuntabilitas publik," kata Donatella Rovera, yang memimpin penelitian lapangan misi ke Gaza dan Israel selatan selama dan setelah konflik.

"The international community, led by the UN Security Council, must use all its leverage to ensure that Israel cooperates fully with the Goldstone inquiry, which now offers the best means to establish the truth." "Masyarakat internasional, yang dipimpin oleh Dewan Keamanan PBB, harus menggunakan semua pengaruh untuk memastikan bahwa Israel bekerja sama sepenuhnya dengan penyelidikan Goldstone, yang sekarang menawarkan cara-cara terbaik untuk menetapkan kebenaran."

The Amnesty International report documents Israel's use of battlefield weapons against a civilian population trapped in Gaza, with no means of escape and is based on evidence gathered by Amnesty International delegates, including a military expert, during field research in January and February. Amnesti Internasional israel dokumen laporan penggunaan senjata medan pertempuran melawan penduduk sipil terperangkap di Gaza, tanpa jalan keluar dan didasarkan pada bukti yang dikumpulkan oleh Amnesty International delegasi, termasuk ahli militer, selama penelitian lapangan pada bulan Januari dan Februari.

The report shows that Hamas and other Palestinian armed groups fired hundreds of rockets into southern Israel, killing three Israeli civilians, injuring scores and driving thousands from their homes. Laporan menunjukkan bahwa Hamas dan kelompok-kelompok bersenjata Palestina menembakkan ratusan roket ke Israel selatan, menewaskan tiga warga sipil Israel, melukai skor dan mengemudi ribuan dari rumah mereka. "Such unlawful attacks constitute war crimes and are unacceptable," added Donatella Rovera. "Semacam itu merupakan serangan yang melanggar hukum kejahatan perang dan tidak dapat diterima," tambah Donatella Rovera.

The scale and intensity of the attacks on Gaza were unprecedented. Skala dan intensitas serangan di Gaza belum pernah terjadi sebelumnya. Some 300 children and hundreds of other unarmed civilians who took no part in the conflict were among the 1,400 Palestinians killed by Israeli forces. Sekitar 300 anak-anak dan ratusan warga sipil yang tidak bersenjata lainnya tidak ambil bagian dalam konflik termasuk di antara 1.400 orang Palestina tewas oleh pasukan Israel.

Most were killed with high-precision weapons, relying on surveillance drones which have exceptionally good optics, allowing those observing to see their targets in detail. Sebagian besar tewas dengan senjata presisi tinggi, dengan mengandalkan pengawasan drones yang sangat baik optik, memungkinkan mereka mengamati untuk melihat sasaran mereka secara rinci. Others were killed with imprecise weapons, including artillery shells carrying white phosphorus – not previously used in Gaza - which should never be used in densely populated areas. Orang lain dibunuh dengan senjata tidak tepat, termasuk membawa peluru artileri fosfor putih - yang sebelumnya tidak digunakan di Gaza - yang tidak boleh digunakan di daerah padat penduduk.

Amnesty International found that the victims of the attacks it investigated were not caught in the crossfire during battles between Palestinian militants and Israeli forces, nor were they shielding militants or other military objects. Amnesty International menemukan bahwa para korban serangan itu diselidiki tidak terperangkap dalam baku tembak dalam pertempuran antara militan Palestina dan pasukan Israel, juga tidak melindungi militan atau objek militer lainnya. Many were killed when their homes were bombed while they slept. Banyak yang tewas ketika rumah mereka dibom sementara mereka tidur. Others were sitting in their yard or hanging the laundry on the roof. Lain duduk di halaman atau menggantung cucian di atas atap. Children were struck while playing in their bedrooms or on the roof, or near their homes. Anak-anak menyerang saat bermain di kamar tidur mereka atau di atas atap, atau di dekat rumah mereka. Paramedics and ambulances were repeatedly attacked while attempting to rescue the wounded or recover the dead. Paramedis dan ambulans diserang berulang kali ketika mencoba untuk menyelamatkan yang terluka atau memulihkan mati.

"The deaths of so many children and other civilians cannot be dismissed simply as 'collateral damage', as argued by Israel," said Donatella Rovera. "Kematian begitu banyak anak-anak dan warga sipil lainnya tidak dapat dianggap hanya sebagai 'collateral damage', seperti yang dikatakan oleh Israel," kata Donatella Rovera. "Many questions remain to be answered about these attacks and about the fact that the strikes continued unabated despite the rising civilian death toll." "Banyak pertanyaan tetap dijawab tentang serangan ini dan tentang fakta bahwa pemogokan terus berlanjut meskipun meningkatnya jumlah korban sipil."

More than 3,000 homes were destroyed and some 20,000 damaged in Israeli attacks which reduced entire neighbourhoods of Gaza to rubble and left an already dire economic situation in ruins. Lebih dari 3.000 rumah hancur dan sekitar 20.000 rusak dalam serangan-serangan Israel yang mengurangi seluruh pemukiman di Gaza menjadi puing-puing dan meninggalkan yang sudah parah situasi ekonomi di reruntuhan. Much of the destruction was wanton and could not be justified on grounds of "military necessity". Sebagian besar kerusakan nakal dan tidak dapat dibenarkan atas dasar "kebutuhan militer".

The Israeli army has not responded to Amnesty International's repeated requests over the past five months for information on specific cases detailed in the report and for meetings to discuss the organization's findings. Tentara Israel belum menanggapi Amnesty International's mengulangi permintaan selama lima bulan untuk informasi tentang kasus-kasus tertentu dalam laporan rinci dan untuk pertemuan untuk membahas temuan organisasi.

"For its part, Hamas has continued to justify the rocket attacks launched daily by its fighters and by other Palestinian armed groups into towns and villages in southern Israel during the 22-day conflict. Though less lethal, these attacks, using unguided rockets which cannot be directed at specific targets, violated  international humanitarian law and cannot be justified under any circumstance," said Donatella Rovera. "Untuk bagiannya, Hamas telah terus membenarkan meluncurkan serangan roket setiap hari oleh para pejuang dan oleh kelompok-kelompok bersenjata Palestina lainnya ke kota-kota dan desa-desa di Israel selatan selama 22-hari konflik. Meskipun kurang mematikan, serangan serangan ini, dengan menggunakan roket yang bisa dikendalikan tidak diarahkan pada sasaran tertentu, melanggar hukum humaniter internasional dan tidak dapat dibenarkan dalam keadaan apapun, "kata Donatella Rovera.

In addition to locally made Qassam rockets, Palestinian militants often fired longer-range Grad-type rockets smuggled into Gaza via the tunnels on the Egyptian border, which reached deeper into Israel and placed many more Israeli civilians at risk. Selain roket Qassam buatan lokal, seringkali militan Palestina menembakkan lagi jarak roket Grad-jenis diselundupkan ke Gaza melalui terowongan di perbatasan Mesir, yang mencapai lebih ke Israel dan menempatkan banyak lagi warga sipil Israel beresiko.

"Five months on, neither side has shown any inclination to change its practices and abide by international humanitarian law, raising the prospect that civilians will again bear the brunt if fighting resumes," said Donatella Rovera. "Lima bulan, tidak ada pihak telah menunjukkan kecenderungan apapun untuk mengubah praktik dan mematuhi hukum kemanusiaan internasional, meningkatkan prospek bahwa masyarakat sipil akan lagi menanggung beban jika pertempuran berlanjut," kata Donatella Rovera.

Under international law, states have a responsibility to exercise universal jurisdiction and start criminal investigations in national courts, wherever there is sufficient evidence of war crimes or other crimes under international law, to arrest and bring to justice alleged perpetrators. Di bawah hukum internasional, negara memiliki tanggung jawab untuk melaksanakan yurisdiksi universal dan memulai investigasi kriminal di pengadilan nasional, di mana terdapat cukup bukti kejahatan perang atau kejahatan lainnya di bawah hukum internasional, untuk menangkap dan mengadili para pelaku tindak kekerasan.

"Those responsible for war crimes and other serious violations must not be allowed to escape accountability and justice," said Donatella Rovera. "Mereka yang bertanggung jawab atas kejahatan perang dan pelanggaran serius lainnya tidak boleh dibiarkan untuk melarikan diri akuntabilitas dan keadilan," kata Donatella Rovera.

Among other recommendations, the report calls on states to suspend all transfers of military equipment, assistance and munitions to Israel, Hamas and other Palestinian armed groups until there is no longer a substantial risk that such equipment will be used to commit serious violations of international law. Di antara rekomendasi lain, laporan panggilan pada negara untuk menunda semua transfer peralatan militer, bantuan, dan amunisi ke Israel, Hamas dan kelompok-kelompok bersenjata Palestina lainnya sampai tidak ada lagi risiko besar bahwa peralatan tersebut akan digunakan untuk melakukan pelanggaran serius terhadap hukum internasional .

It calls on Israel to commit not to carry out direct, indiscriminate or disproportionate attacks on civilians; or use artillery, mortars and white phosphorus weapons in densely populated areas; and to end its blockade on the Gaza Strip, which is collectively punishing the entire population. Ini panggilan Israel agar tidak komit untuk melaksanakan secara langsung, tanpa pandang bulu atau tidak proporsional serangan terhadap penduduk sipil; atau menggunakan artileri, mortir dan senjata fosfor putih di daerah padat penduduk, dan untuk mengakhiri blokade di Jalur Gaza, yang secara kolektif menghukum seluruh populasi .

The report urges Hamas to renounce its policy of unlawful rocket attacks against civilian population centres in Israel and to prevent other armed groups from carrying out such attacks. Laporan mendesak Hamas agar meninggalkan kebijakan sah serangan roket terhadap penduduk sipil pusat di Israel dan untuk mencegah kelompok-kelompok bersenjata lainnya dari melakukan serangan tersebut.

http://translate.google.co.id/translate?hl=id&sl=en&u=http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/report/impunity-war-crimes-gaza-southern-israel-recipe-further-civilian-suffering-20090702&ei=mdRfS9eoGJPi7AOp19HADA&sa=X&oi=translate&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CA0Q7gEwAA&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dcriminal%2Bwar%2Bgaza%2Bwar%2Bchildren%2Bdeath%2Bamnesty%26hl%3Did%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG


 

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

My Site

Label 1

Label 2

Comment Box

Labels