30 January 2011

Janis Joplin

Janis Joplin

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Janis Joplin
Background information
Birth name Janis Lyn Joplin
Born January 19, 1943(1943-01-19)
Port Arthur, Texas, U.S.
Died October 4, 1970(1970-10-04) (aged 27)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Genres Blues-rock, psychedelic rock, blues, hard rock
Occupations Singer, songwriter, arranger
Instruments Vocals, guitar
Years active 1962–1970
Labels Columbia
Associated acts Big Brother & the Holding Company
Kozmic Blues Band
Full Tilt Boogie Band
Website http://www.officialjanis.com/
Janis Lyn Joplin (January 19, 1943 – October 4, 1970) was an American singer, songwriter and music arranger. She rose to prominence in the late 1960s as the lead singer of Big Brother and the Holding Company and later as a solo artist. Rolling Stone magazine ranked Joplin number 46 on its list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time in 2004,[1] and number 28 on its 2008 list of 100 Greatest Singers of All Time.[2]

Contents

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[edit] Early life: 1943–1965

Janis Joplin was born in Port Arthur, Texas, on January 19, 1943(1943-01-19),[3] to Dorothy (née East) Joplin (1913–1998), a registrar at a business college, and her husband, Seth Joplin (1910–1987), an engineer at Texaco. She had two younger siblings, Michael and Laura. The family attended the Church of Christ.[4] The Joplins felt that Janis always needed more attention than their other children, with her mother stating, "She was unhappy and unsatisfied without [receiving a lot of attention]. The normal rapport wasn't adequate."[5]
As a teenager, she befriended a group of outcasts, one of whom had albums by African-American blues artists Bessie Smith and Leadbelly, whom Joplin later credited with influencing her decision to become a singer.[6] She began singing in the local choir and expanded her listening to blues singers such as Odetta and Big Mama Thornton.
Primarily a painter while still in school, she first began singing blues and folk music with friends. While at Thomas Jefferson High School, she stated that she was mostly shunned.[6] Joplin was quoted as saying, "I was a misfit. I read, I painted, I didn't hate niggers."[5] As a teen, she became overweight and her skin broke out so badly she was left with deep scars which required dermabrasion.[5][7][8] Other kids at high school would routinely taunt her and call her names like "pig," "freak" or "creep."[5] Among her classmates was G. W. Bailey and Jimmy Johnson.
Joplin graduated from high school in 1960 and attended Lamar State College of Technology in Beaumont, Texas, during the summer[7] and later the University of Texas at Austin, though she did not complete her studies.[9] The campus newspaper ran a profile of her in 1962 headlined "She Dares To Be Different."[9]
Cultivating a rebellious manner, Joplin styled herself in part after her female blues heroines and, in part, after the Beat poets. Her first song recorded on tape, at the home of a fellow student in December 1962, was "What Good Can Drinkin' Do".[10] She left Texas for San Francisco in January 1963, living in North Beach and later Haight-Ashbury. In 1964, Joplin and future Jefferson Airplane guitarist Jorma Kaukonen recorded a number of blues standards, further accompanied by Margareta Kaukonen on typewriter (as percussion instrument). This session included seven tracks: "Typewriter Talk," "Trouble In Mind," "Kansas City Blues," "Hesitation Blues", "Nobody Knows You When You're Down and Out", "Daddy, Daddy, Daddy" and "Long Black Train Blues," and was later released as the bootleg album The Typewriter Tape.
Around this time her drug use increased, and she acquired a reputation as a "speed freak" and occasional heroin user.[3][6][7] She also used other psychoactive drugs and was a heavy drinker throughout her career; her favorite beverage was Southern Comfort.
In the spring of 1965, Joplin's friends, noticing the physical effects of her amphetamine habit (she was described as "skeletal"[6] and "emaciated"[3]), persuaded her to return to Port Arthur, Texas. In May 1965, Joplin's friends threw her a bus-fare party so she could return home.[3] Back in Port Arthur, she changed her lifestyle. She avoided drugs and alcohol, began wearing relatively modest dresses, adopted a beehive hairdo, and enrolled as a sociology major at Lamar University in nearby Beaumont, Texas. During her year at Lamar University, she commuted to Austin to perform solo, accompanying herself on guitar. One of her performances was reviewed in the Austin American-Statesman. Joplin became engaged to a man who visited her, wearing a blue serge suit, to ask her father for her hand in marriage, but the man terminated plans for the marriage soon afterwards.[8]

[edit] Big Brother and the Holding Company: 1966–1968

In 1966, Joplin's bluesy vocal style attracted the attention of the psychedelic rock band Big Brother and the Holding Company, a band that had gained some renown among the nascent hippie community in Haight-Ashbury. She was recruited to join the group by Chet Helms, a promoter who had known her in Texas and who at the time was managing Big Brother. Helms brought her back to San Francisco and Joplin joined Big Brother on June 4, 1966.[11] Her first public performance with them was at the Avalon Ballroom in San Francisco. Due to persistent persuading by keyboardist and close friend Stephen Ryder, Joplin avoided drug use for several weeks, enjoining bandmate Dave Getz to promise that using needles would not be allowed in their rehearsal space or in the communal apartment where they lived.[8] When a visitor to the apartment injected drugs in front of Joplin, she angrily reminded Getz that he had broken his promise.[8] A San Francisco concert from that summer was recorded and released in the 1984 album Cheaper Thrills.
On August 23, 1966,[12] during a four week engagement in Chicago, the group signed a deal with independent label Mainstream Records.[13] They recorded tracks in a Chicago recording studio, but the label owner Bob Shad refused to pay their airfare back to San Francisco.[6] Shortly after the five band members drove from Chicago to Northern California with very little money, they moved with the Grateful Dead to a house in Lagunitas, California. It was there that Joplin relapsed into hard drugs.
The Mantra-Rock Dance promotional poster featuring Big Brother and the Holding Company.
One of Joplin's earliest major performances in 1967 was the Mantra-Rock Dance, a musical event held on January 29, 1967—just ten days after her birthday—at the Avalon Ballroom by the San Francisco Hare Krishna temple. Janis Joplin and Big Brother performed there along with the Hare Krishna founder Bhaktivedanta Swami, Allen Ginsberg, Moby Grape, and Grateful Dead, donating proceeds to the Krishna temple.[14][15][16]
In early 1967, Joplin met Country Joe McDonald of the group Country Joe and the Fish. The pair lived together as a couple for a few months.[3][13] Joplin and Big Brother began playing clubs in San Francisco, at the Fillmore West, Winterland and the Avalon Ballroom. They also played at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, as well as in Seattle, Washington and Vancouver, British Columbia, the Psychedelic Supermarket in Boston, Massachusetts, and the Golden Bear Club in Huntington Beach, California.[13]
The band's debut album was released by Columbia Records in August 1967, shortly after the group's breakthrough appearance in June at the Monterey Pop Festival. Two songs from Big Brother's set at Monterey were filmed. "Combination of the Two" and a version of Big Mama Thornton's "Ball and Chain" appeared in D.A. Pennebaker's documentary Monterey Pop. The film captured Cass Elliot in the crowd silently mouthing "Wow! That's really heavy!" during Joplin's performance.[6]
In November 1967, the group parted ways with Chet Helms and signed with top artist manager Albert Grossman. Up to this point, Big Brother had performed mainly in California, but had gained national prominence with their Monterey performance. On February 16, 1968,[17] the group began its first East Coast tour in Philadelphia, and the following day gave their first performance in New York City at the Anderson Theater.[3][6] On April 7, 1968, the last day of their East Coast tour, Joplin and Big Brother performed with Jimi Hendrix, Buddy Guy, Joni Mitchell, Richie Havens, Paul Butterfield, and Elvin Bishop at the "Wake for Martin Luther King, Jr." concert in New York.
During the spring of 1968, Joplin and Big Brother made their nationwide television debut on The Dick Cavett Show, an ABC daytime variety show hosted by Dick Cavett. Later, she made three appearances on the primetime Cavett program. During this time, the band was billed as "Janis Joplin and Big Brother and the Holding Company,"[13] although the media coverage given to Joplin incurred resentment among the other members of the band.[13] The other members of Big Brother thought that Joplin was on a "star trip," while others were telling Joplin that Big Brother was a terrible band and that she ought to dump them.[13]
Time magazine called Joplin "probably the most powerful singer to emerge from the white rock movement," and Richard Goldstein, in Vogue magazine, wrote that Joplin was "the most staggering leading woman in rock... she slinks like tar, scowls like war... clutching the knees of a final stanza, begging it not to leave... Janis Joplin can sing the chic off any listener."[5]
Big Brother's second album, Cheap Thrills, featured a cover design by counterculture cartoonist Robert Crumb. Although Cheap Thrills sounded as if it was mostly "live," only one track ("Ball and Chain") was actually recorded live; the rest of the tracks were studio recordings.[3] The album had a raw quality, including the sound of a cocktail glass breaking and the broken shards being swept away during the song "Turtle Blues." With the documentary film Monterey Pop released in late 1968, the album launched Joplin's successful, albeit short, musical career.[18]
Cheap Thrills, which gave the band a breakthrough hit single, "Piece of My Heart", reached the number one spot on the Billboard charts eight weeks after its release, remaining for eight (nonconsecutive) weeks.[18] The album was certified gold at release and sold over a million copies in the first month of its release.[8][13] Live at Winterland '68, recorded at the Winterland Ballroom on April 12 and 13, 1968, featured Joplin and Big Brother and the Holding Company at the height of their mutual career working through a selection of tracks from their albums.
The band made another East Coast tour during July–August 1968, performing at the Columbia Records convention in Puerto Rico and the Newport Folk Festival. After returning to San Francisco for two hometown shows at the Palace of Fine Arts Festival on August 31 and September 1, Joplin announced that she would be leaving Big Brother. The group continued touring through the fall and Joplin gave her last official performance with Big Brother at a Family Dog benefit on December 1, 1968.[3][6]

[edit] Solo career: 1969–1970

[edit] Kozmic Blues Band

After splitting from Big Brother, Joplin formed a new backup group, the Kozmic Blues Band. The band was influenced by the Stax-Volt Rhythm and Blues bands of the 1960s, as exemplified by Otis Redding and the Bar-Kays, who were major musical influences on Joplin.[3][6][8] The Stax-Volt R&B sound was typified by the use of horns and had a more bluesy, funky, soul, pop-oriented sound than most of the hard-rock psychedelic bands of the period.
By early 1969, Joplin was addicted to heroin, allegedly shooting at least $200 worth of heroin per day,[7] although efforts were made to keep her clean during the recording of I Got Dem Ol' Kozmic Blues Again Mama!. Gabriel Mekler, who produced the Kozmic Blues, told publicist-turned-biographer Myra Friedman after Joplin's death that the singer had lived in his house during the June 1969 recording sessions at his insistence so he could keep her away from drugs and her drug-using friends.[8]
The Kozmic Blues album, released in September 1969, was certified gold later that year but did not match the success of Cheap Thrills.[18] Reviews of the new group were mixed. Some music critics, including Ralph Gleason of the San Francisco Chronicle, were negative. Gleason wrote that the new band was a "drag" and that Joplin should "scrap" her new band and "go right back to being a member of Big Brother...(if they'll have her)."[3] Other reviewers, such as reporter Carl Bernstein of the Washington Post generally ignored the flaws and devoted entire articles to celebrating the singer's magic.
Joplin and the Kozmic Blues Band toured North America and Europe throughout 1969, appearing at Woodstock in August. By most accounts, Woodstock was not a happy affair for Joplin.[3][6][7] Faced with a ten hour wait after arriving at the festival, she shot heroin[6][7] and was drinking alcohol, so by the time she hit the stage, she was "three sheets to the wind."[3] Joplin also had problems at Madison Square Garden where, as she told rock journalist David Dalton, the audience watched and listened to "every note [she sang] with 'Is she gonna make it?' in their eyes."[13] Joplin's performance was not included in the documentary film Woodstock although the 25th anniversary director's cut of Woodstock includes her performance of Work Me, Lord.
At the end of the year, the group broke up. Their final gig with Joplin was at Madison Square Garden in New York City on the night of December 19–20, 1969.[3][13]

[edit] Full Tilt Boogie Band

In February 1970, Joplin traveled to Brazil, where she stopped her drug and alcohol use. She was accompanied on vacation there by her friend Linda Gravenites, who had designed the singer's stage costumes from 1966 to 1969. Joplin was romanced by an American schoolteacher named David (George) Niehaus, who was traveling around the world. They were photographed by the press at Carnival in Rio de Janeiro.[13] Gravenites also took photographs of the two during their Brazilian vacation and they appeared to be a "carefree, happy, healthy young couple" having a great time.[6]
Joplin began using heroin again when she returned to the United States. Her relationship with Niehaus soon ended because of the drugs, her relationship with Peggy Caserta and refusal to take some time off work and travel the world with him.[6] Around this time she formed her new band, the Full Tilt Boogie Band.[3][6][8] The band was composed mostly of young Canadian musicians and featured an organ, but no horn section. Joplin took a more active role in putting together the Full Tilt Boogie Band than she did with her prior group. She was quoted as saying, "It's my band. Finally it's my band!"[3]
The Full Tilt Boogie Band began touring in May 1970. Joplin remained quite happy with her new group, which received mostly positive feedback from both her fans and the critics.[3] Prior to beginning a summer tour with Full Tilt Boogie, she performed in a reunion with Big Brother at the Fillmore West in San Francisco on April 4, 1970. Recordings from this concert were included in an in-concert album released posthumously in 1972. She again appeared with Big Brother on April 12 at Winterland where she and Big Brother were reported to be in excellent form.[6] By the time she began touring with Full Tilt Boogie, Joplin told people she was drug-free, but her drinking increased.[citation needed]
From June 28 to July 4, 1970, Joplin and Full Tilt joined the all-star Festival Express tour through Canada, performing alongside the Grateful Dead, Delaney and Bonnie, Rick Danko and The Band, Eric Andersen and Ian and Sylvia.[6] They played concerts in Toronto, Winnipeg and Calgary.[6][13] Footage of her performance of the song "Tell Mama" in Calgary became an MTV video in the 1980s and was included on the 1982 Farewell Song album. The audio of other Festival Express performances were included on that 1972 Joplin In Concert album. Video of the performances was included on the Festival Express DVD.
In the "Tell Mama" video shown on MTV in the 1980s, Joplin wore a psychedelically colored loose-fitting costume and feathers in her hair. This was her standard stage costume in the spring and summer of 1970. She chose the new costumes after her friend and designer, Linda Gravenites (whom Joplin had praised in the May 1968 issue of Vogue), cut ties with Joplin shortly after their return from Brazil, due largely to Joplin's continued use of heroin.[3][6]
During the Festival Express tour, Joplin was accompanied by Rolling Stone writer David Dalton, who would later write several articles and a book on Joplin. She told Dalton:
I'm a victim of my own insides. There was a time when I wanted to know everything ... It used to make me very unhappy, all that feeling. I just didn't know what to do with it. But now I've learned to make that feeling work for me. I'm full of emotion and I want a release, and if you're on stage and if it's really working and you've got the audience with you, it's a oneness you feel.[13]

[edit] Pearl

Among her last public appearances were two broadcasts of The Dick Cavett Show. In a June 25, 1970, appearance, she announced that she would attend her ten-year high-school class reunion. When asked if she had been popular in school, she admitted that when in high school, her schoolmates "laughed me out of class, out of town and out of the state."[19] In the August 3, 1970, Cavett broadcast, Joplin referred to her upcoming performance at the Festival for Peace to be held at Shea Stadium in Queens, New York, on August 6, 1970.
Joplin attended the reunion on August 14, accompanied by fellow musician and friend Bob Neuwirth, road manager John Cooke, and her sister Laura, but it reportedly proved to be an unhappy experience for her.[20] Joplin held a press conference in Port Arthur during her reunion visit. Interviewed by Rolling Stone journalist Chet Flippo, she was reported to wear enough jewelry for a "Babylonian whore."[6] When asked by a reporter during the reunion if Joplin entertained at Thomas Jefferson High School when she was a student there, Joplin replied, "Only when I walked down the aisles."[3][3][5] Joplin denigrated Port Arthur and the people who'd humiliated her a decade earlier in high school.[3]
Joplin's last public performance, with the Full Tilt Boogie Band, took place on August 12, 1970, at the Harvard Stadium in Boston, Massachusetts. A positive review appeared on the front page of The Harvard Crimson newspaper despite the fact that Full Tilt Boogie performed with makeshift sound amplifiers after their regular equipment was stolen in Boston.[8]
During September 1970, Joplin and her band began recording a new album in Los Angeles with producer Paul A. Rothchild, who had produced recordings for The Doors. Although Joplin died before all the tracks were fully completed, there was still enough usable material to compile an LP. "Mercedes Benz" was included despite it being a first take, and the track "Buried Alive In The Blues", to which Joplin had been scheduled to add her vocals on the day she was found dead, was kept as an instrumental.
The result was the posthumously released Pearl (1971). It became the biggest selling album of her career[18] and featured her biggest hit single, a cover of Kris Kristofferson's "Me and Bobby McGee". Kristofferson had been Joplin's lover not long before her death.[21] Also included was the social commentary of the a cappella "Mercedes Benz", written by Joplin, close friend and song writer Bob Neuwirth and beat poet Michael McClure. In 2003, Pearl was ranked #122 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.
During the recording sessions for Pearl, Joplin began seeing Seth Morgan, a 21 year-old Berkeley student, cocaine dealer and future novelist;[3][6][7] and checked into the Landmark Motel in Los Angeles to begin recording the Pearl album.[3][6][8] She and Morgan became engaged to be married in early September[5] and Joplin threw herself into the recording of songs for her new album.

[edit] Death

The last recordings Joplin completed were "Mercedes Benz" and a birthday greeting for John Lennon ("Happy Trails", composed by Dale Evans) on October 1, 1970. Lennon, whose birthday was October 9, later told Dick Cavett that her taped greeting arrived at his home after her death.[20] On October 3, Joplin visited the Sunset Sound Recorders[6] in Los Angeles to listen to the instrumental track for Nick Gravenites' song "Buried Alive in the Blues" prior to recording the vocal track, scheduled for the next day.[13] When she failed to show up at the studio by Sunday afternoon, producer Paul A. Rothchild became concerned. Full Tilt Boogie's road manager, John Cooke, drove to the Landmark Motor Hotel (since renamed the Highland Gardens Hotel) where Joplin had been a guest since August 24.[22] He saw Joplin's psychedelically painted Porsche still in the parking lot. Upon entering her room, he found her dead on the floor. The official cause of death was an overdose of heroin, possibly combined with the effects of alcohol.[8][23] Cooke believes that Joplin had accidentally been given heroin which was much more potent than normal, as several of her dealer's other customers also overdosed that week.[24]
Joplin was cremated in the Pierce Brothers Westwood Village Mortuary in Los Angeles; her ashes were scattered from a plane into the Pacific Ocean and along Stinson Beach. The only funeral service was a private affair held at Pierce Brothers and attended by Joplin's parents and maternal aunt.[25]
Joplin's will funded $2,500 to throw a wake party in the event of her demise. The party, which took place October 26, 1970, at the Lion's Share, located in San Anselmo California, was attended by her sister Laura and Joplin's close friends, that included tattoo artist Lyle Tuttle; Joplin's fiancé Seth Morgan; Bob Gordon; and her road manager, John Cooke. Brownies laced with hashish were unknowingly passed around.[26] Her death at age 27 has caused her to be included in a phenomenon rock historians call the 27 Club.

[edit] Legacy

Joplin's Porsche 356 in "Summer of Love – Art of the Psychedelic Era" (Whitney Museum, New York)
Joplin's death in October, 1970 at the age of 27 stunned her fans and shocked the music world. Her death was coupled with the fact that another rock icon Jimi Hendrix had died earlier in September. Music historian Tom Moon wrote that Joplin had "a devastatingly original voice." Music columnist Jon Pareles of the New York Times wrote Joplin as an artist was "overpowering and deeply vulnerable." Author Megan Terry claimed the Joplin was the female version of Elvis Presley in the ability to captivate an audience.[27]
Joplin's extraordinary success as a pioneer in a male-dominated rock industry of the late 1960s was unprecedented. Joplin, along with Grace Slick of the Jefferson Airplane, opened opportunities into the rock music business for future female singers. Stevie Nicks commented that after seeing Joplin perform, "I knew that a little bit of my destiny had changed. I would search to find that connection that I had seen between Janis and her audience. In a blink of an eye she changed my life."[28]
Joplin's body decoration, with a wristlet and a small heart on her left breast, by the San Francisco tattoo artist Lyle Tuttle, is taken as a seminal moment in the tattoo revolution and was an early moment in the popular culture's acceptance of tattoos as art.[29] Another trademark was her flamboyant hair styles, often including colored streaks and accessories such as scarves, beads and feathers.
Leonard Cohen's 1974 song "Chelsea Hotel #2" is about Joplin.[30] Likewise, lyricist Robert Hunter has commented that Jerry Garcia's "Birdsong" from his first solo album, Garcia, is about Joplin and the end of her suffering through death.[31][32] Mimi Fariña's song "In the Quiet Morning" is about Joplin's death.[33]
The 1979 film The Rose was loosely based on Joplin's life. Originally titled Pearl, after Joplin's nickname, and the title of her last album, it was fictionalized after her family declined to allow the producers the rights to her story.[34][35] Bette Midler earned a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance.
In 1988, the Janis Joplin Memorial, with an original bronze, multi-image sculpture of Joplin by Douglas Clark, was dedicated in Port Arthur, Texas.[citation needed]
Joplin was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995, and was given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2005. In November 2009, the Hall of Fame and museum honored her as part of its annual American Music Masters Series.[36] Among the artifacts at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Museum Exhibition are Joplin's scarf and necklaces, her 1965 Porsche 356 Cabriolet with psychedelically designed painting, and a sheet of LSD blotting paper designed by Robert Crumb, designer of the Cheap Thrills cover.[37] She was the honoree at the Rock Hall's American Music Master concert and lecture series for 2009.[38]
In the late 1990s, the musical play Love, Janis was created with input from Janis's younger sister Laura plus Big Brother guitarist Sam Andrew, with an aim to take it to Off Broadway. Opening in the summer of 2001 and scheduled for only a few weeks of performances, the show won acclaim and packed houses and was held over several times, the demanding role of the singing Janis attracting rock vocalists from relative unknowns to pop stars Laura Branigan and Beth Hart. A national tour followed.[citation needed]
At the 2009 Edinburgh Festival Fringe, Janis,[39] a one-woman show by Nicola Haydn, which imagined the last hour of Joplin's life, gained its first substantial run.[40] It was nominated for 'Best Solo Performance' in The Stage Awards for Acting Excellence.[41] The production tour bus also used a recreation of Joplin's Porsche by Brighton graffiti artist Req — on a VW Polo for budgetary reasons.[citation needed]
There have been many attempts at making a film about Joplin. On June 13, 2010, producer Wyck Godfrey said Amy Adams starred in director Fernando Meirelles' biographical drama,[42] titled Janis Joplin: Get It While You Can.[34] Previous attempts have included Piece Of My Heart, which was to star Renée Zellweger or Brittany Murphy; The Gospel According To Janis, with director Penelope Spheeris and starring either Zooey Deschanel or P!nk; and an untitled film thought to be an adaptation of Laura Joplin's Off-Broadway play about her sister, with the show's star, Laura Theodore, attached.[34]

[edit] Laura Joplin interview

In 1992, Laura Joplin, Janis Joplin's younger sister, gave an interview discussing her book, Love, Janis, a biography on her sister. The book was the first major biography of Janis in two decades. In the interview Laura mentioned that their parents were proud of Janis's success, however, they did not entirely understand the "hippie movement". They honestly did not believe what Janis was doing was right, however, their parents and Janis agreed to disagree. Laura also mentioned that Janis had a possible relationship with Joe Namath, although the relationship was considered non serious. Laura mentioned that Janis enjoyed being on the Dick Cavett Show and she did not know if Cavett and Janis ever had a relationship. Laura went on to mention that Janis while growing up in Texas had difficulties with some people at school, but not the entire school. Laura also commented that Janis was really enthusiastic after performing at Woodstock, saying that Janis was "...bubbling over, jumping up and down, talking about how incredible it was."[43]

[edit] Discography

Big Brother and the Holding Company
Title Release date Label Notes
Big Brother and the Holding Company 1967 Mainstream Records
Big Brother and the Holding Company 1967? Columbia Contains 2 extra single tracks
Big Brother and the Holding Company 1967, CD 1999 Columbia Legacy CK66425 Contains 2 extra single tracks
Cheap Thrills 1968 Columbia 2x Multi-Platinum Recording Industry Association of America
Cheap Thrills 1968, CD 1999 Legacy CK65784 Contains 4 extra tracks
Live at Winterland '68 1998 Columbia Legacy ASIN: B000007TSP
Kozmic Blues Band
Title Release date Label Notes
I Got Dem Ol' Kozmic Blues Again Mama! 1969 Columbia Platinum RIAA
I Got Dem Ol' Kozmic Blues Again Mama! 1969, CD 1999 Legacy CK65785 Contains 3 extra tracks
Full Tilt Boogie
Title Release date Label Notes
Pearl 1971 Columbia posthumous, 4x Multi-Platinum RIAA
Pearl 1971, CD unknown date Columbia CD64188
Pearl 1971, CD 1999 Legacy CK65786 Contains 4 extra tracks
Pearl 1971, 2CD 2005 Legacy COL 515134 2 CD1 – 6 other extra tracks
CD2 – full selection from The Festival Express Tour, 3 venues
Big Brother & the Holding Company / Full Tilt Boogie
Title Release date Label Notes
In Concert 1972 Legacy CK65786 ASIN: B0000024Y7
Later collections
Title Release date Label Notes
Janis Joplin's Greatest Hits 1973 Columbia ASIN B00000K2W1, 7x Multi-Platinum RIAA
Janis 1975 CBS 2 discs, Gold RIAA
Anthology 1980
2 discs
Farewell Song 1983 Columbia Records ASIN: B000W44S8E
Cheaper Thrills 1984 Fan Club ASIN: B000LYA9X8
Janis 1993 Columbia Legacy 3 discs – ASIN: B00000286P
18 Essential Songs 1995 Columbia Legacy ASIN: B000002B1A, Gold RIAA
The Collection 1995 3 Discs ASIN: B000BM6ATW
Live at Woodstock: August 19, 1969 1999

Box of Pearls 1999 Sony Legacy 5 Discs – ASIN: B0009YNSK6
Super Hits 2000 Sony ASIN: B00004T1E6
Love, Janis 2001 Sony ASIN: B00005EBIN
Essential Janis Joplin 2003 Sony ASIN: B00007MB6Y
Very Best of Janis Joplin 2007 Import ASIN: B000026A35
The Woodstock Experience 2009 Legacy Recordings

[edit] References

  1. ^ "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/5702/31963/32257. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  2. ^ "100 Greatest Singers of All Time". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/6027/32782/33169. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Echols, Alice (2000-02-15). Scars of Sweet Paradise: The Life and Times of Janis Joplin. Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 0805053948. 
  4. ^ Don Haymes in http://www.adherents.com/people/pj/Janis_Joplin.html.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Jacobson, Laurie (October 1984). Hollywood Heartbreak: The Tragic and Mysterious Deaths of Hollywood's Most Remarkable Legends. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 067149998X. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Amburn, Ellis (October 1992). Pearl: The Obsessions and Passions of Janis Joplin : A Biography. Time Warner. ISBN 0446516406. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Caserta, Peggy (October 1980). Going Down With Janis. Dell Publishing. ISBN 0440131944. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Friedman, Myra (1992-09-15). Buried Alive: The Biography of Janis Joplin. Crown Publishing Group. ISBN 0517586509. 
  9. ^ a b Hendrickson, Paul (1998-05-05). "Janis Joplin: A Cry Cutting Through Time". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/features/joplin.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  10. ^ Paytress, Mark (March 1994). "Janis Joplin. Mark Paytress assesses Columbia's three-CD 'Janis' retrospective". Record Collector 175: 140–141 
  11. ^ "Janis Joplin". wolfgangsvault.com. http://www.wolfgangsvault.com/janis-joplin/. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  12. ^ "Janis Joplin: Rock and Blues Legend". majorlycool.com. http://www.majorlycool.com/item/janis. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Dalton, David (1991-08-21). Piece Of My Heart. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306804468. 
  14. ^ Bromley, David G.; Shinn, Larry D. (1989), Krishna consciousness in the West, Bucknell University Press, p. 106, ISBN 9780838751442, http://books.google.com/books?id=F-EuD3M2QYoC&pg=PA106 
  15. ^ Chryssides, George D.; Wilkins, Margaret Z. (2006), A reader in new religious movements, Continuum International Publishing Group, p. 213, ISBN 9780826461681, http://books.google.com/books?id=HgFlebSZKLcC&pg=PA213 
  16. ^ Joplin, Laura (1992), "Love, Janis", University of Michigan (Villard Books): p. 182, ISBN 9780679416050, http://books.google.com/books?id=Oj4IAQAAMAAJ 
  17. ^ "Big Brother in Concert". bbhc.com. http://www.bbhc.com/bbbase.html. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  18. ^ a b c d Rosen, Craig (May 1996). The Billboard Book of Number One Albums: The Inside Story Behind Pop Music's Blockbuster Records. Billboard. ISBN 0823075869. 
  19. ^ "Dick Cavett TV. Interview (1970)". The Dick Cavett Show. 1970-08-03.
  20. ^ a b Miller, Danny (2007-01-19). "Happy Birthday, Janis Joplin". Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/danny-miller/happy-birthday-janis-jop_b_39055.html. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  21. ^ Anthony DeCurtis, Rolling Stone, 30 September 1999
  22. ^ Los Angeles Herald Examiner October 5, 1970, front page.
  23. ^ Richardson, Derk (April/May 1986). "Books in Brief". Mother Jones. 
  24. ^ Cooke, John Byrne. Janis Joplin; A Performance Diary 1966-1970. Acid Test. p. 126. ISBN 1-888358-11-4. 
  25. ^ Joplin, Laura (2005-08-16). Love, Janis. HarperCollins. ISBN 0060755229. 
  26. ^ Joplin, Laura (1992). Love, Janis. Villard Books. pp. 6, 7. 
  27. ^ ""Joplin's Shooting Star" 1966-1970". http://www.pophistorydig.com/?tag=janis-joplins-death. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  28. ^ "Reflections." JanisJoplin.net. Accessed November 13, 2008; ""Joplin's Shooting Star" 1966-1970". http://www.pophistorydig.com/?tag=janis-joplins-death. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  29. ^ Acord, Deb (2006-11-10). "Who knew: Mommy has a tattoo". Portland Press Herald. 
  30. ^ "Leonard Cohen on BBC Radio". webheights.net. http://www.webheights.net/speakingcohen/bbctrans.htm. 
  31. ^ AllMusic.com
  32. ^ Box of Rain: Lyrics 1965-1993 by Robert Hunter, Penguin Books, 1993
  33. ^ Performed by Joan Baez in her 1972 album Come from the Shadows.
  34. ^ a b c Elan, Priya. "Is the Janis Joplin biopic finally going to be filmed? Don't hold your breath", The Guardian, August 7, 2010. WebCitation archive.
  35. ^ Maltin, Leonard (2002-09-24). Leonard Maltin's 2003 Movie And Video Guide. Plume. ISBN 0452283299. 
  36. ^ Cleveland Scene, August 11, 2009
  37. ^ "Janis Joplin". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. http://web.archive.org/web/20080509054345/http://www.rockhall.com/exhibitfeatured/janis-joplin/. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  38. ^ "Rock Hall to honor Janis Joplin in American Music Masters series". Cleveland.com. http://www.cleveland.com/music/index.ssf/2009/08/rock_hall_to_honor_janis_jopli.html. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  39. ^ "Janis, the play". http://www.janistheplay.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  40. ^ "Janis". Stage Edinburgh Productions. http://ed.thestage.co.uk/productions/2087. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  41. ^ "2009 Awards for Acting Excellence". Stage Edinburgh Productions. http://ed.thestage.co.uk/awards/2009-nominees. 
  42. ^ Yamato, Jen. ___Eclipse__Producer_Wyck_Godfrey_on_3D___Breaking_Dawn___and_More.html "Exclusive: 'Eclipse' Producer Wyck Godfrey on 3D, 'Breaking Dawn,' and More", FearNet.com, June 13, 2010. WebCitation archive.
  43. ^ James, Gary (1992). "Gary James' Interview With Janis Joplin's Sister Laura Joplin". http://www.classicbands.com/LauraJoplinInterview.html. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 

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